Effects of Arctic sea ice on energy production in mid-latitudes
The case study describes a cold spell in winter 2016-17 that some energy producers, interviewed in S2S4E, identified as a relevant event affecting their businesses. The cold spell was accompanied by record-breaking low precipitation and wind speed over parts of western Europe, increasing energy demand and reducing renewable power generation, which contributed to an energy-security risk situation in France. In this first case study, the APPLICATE project explores potential linkages of the event highlighted by energy producers with Arctic changes in sea ice. Once these linkages are well-established and understood, future forecasts of extremely low sea ice extent (that also relate with forecasts of electricity demand and power generation) could be potentially valuable for assessing the risk for European energy systems.